Gospel of Matthew
Throughout the Gospel of Matthew, Jesus is portrayed as a teacher, a healer, and a fulfillment of the Torah. The Gospel starts off describing Jesus’ lineage as a descendant of David and Abraham, Christ was the anointed to preach. Jesus’ genealogy showed the Jews his ancestors were traced back through the patriarchs and back to Adam. It was very important that Matthew, who also was a Jew emphasized this, so many Jews believed that Jesus is the messiah. Matthew’s community saw following Jesus and the law was the way to righteousness. Jesus was depicted as the authoritative teacher, the King of the Jews who has the right by his divine power to alter the laws that he himself have to Israel. Matthew also points to Jesus’ divinity since only God could alter or change the laws that He had given to Israel. Jesus’ authoritative power is described following the Sermon on the Mount; he has power over various diseases, nature, demons, and death itself. He also has the authority to forgive sin. Jesus’ job description is to spread the word, as he is seen as a fulfiller of the law. He had come to fulfill the prophecies and promises to Abraham and David. Matthew portrays Jesus as embodying Israel’s historical experience of God. Jesus’ seems to pick up where Moses left off in this Gospel. Just like Moses goes up to a mountain to receive the law, so does Jesus. Jesus mission was to spread the law as it was stated in the first verse of chapter 11: “Now when Jesus had finished instructing his twelve disciples, he went on from there to teach and proclaim his message in their cities.” The last unit Matthew relates prior to John’s question portrays Jesus teaching and heading out to do more teaching. This is in response to John hearing about what Jesus was doing. Basically, throughout the Gospel, Jesus is to prophesize the fourteen saying from the books in the Old Testament. Jesus is an ascetic, whose movements and actions are...
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