When given the task of placing myself in a cultural environment that I was unfamiliar with, I thought long and hard of where to go. I wanted to challenge myself and truly use the opportunity to become better educated. I looked at the controversies that are in my present society. I examined my own stereotypes or preconceived notions about different cultures. The one that caught my eye and ignited my brain the most was Muslim. There is so much I didn‚Äôt know or understand that I wanted to delve into the culture.
I began researching Muslim to familiarize myself with some of the basic norms of the culture. I had many misconceptions. I thought that women wrapped their heads as a sign of oppression from the men of the culture. I thought they believed and worshipped a completely different being than I did. I believed that they wanted power and wealth. What I found was so different and very enlightening.
I researched where my local mosque was and found their service time was on Fridays at noon. When I arrived I had brought a scarf with me but was unsure of if I would need it since I was not of the Muslim faith, but I wanted to be respectful. I wore modest clothing, khakis and a high neck long-sleeved button up shirt. When I first entered the mosque I had a few stares but was quickly greeted by a middle-aged woman, Amal. She approached me and said, ‚ÄúSalam.‚ÄĚ I tried to repeat the phrase back to...
...ÔĽŅFull name: Ho√†ng ThŠĽč Thanh ThŠĽßy Class: 12E19
Topic: Intra/cross/intercultural material analysis
Material: The Pursuit of Happyness
THE PURSUIT OF HAPPYNESS FEATURES AMERCAN VALUES
As a nation of immigrants with remarakble ethnic diversity, the United States is discribed not only as heterogeneous ‚Äúsalad bowl‚ÄĚ but also homogenizing ‚Äúmelting pot‚ÄĚ. This distinctive culure mix features vairious values, two of which hard work and optimism are vividly reflected in the movie ‚ÄúPursuit of Happyness‚ÄĚ.
‚ÄúPursuit of Happyness‚ÄĚ is inspired by a true story of Chris Gardner, who made great efforts to keep his family from sinking into poverty and escape from the homelessness to be a multimillionaire. In the gloomy economic setting, Chris both in reality and in movie, appearently, proves you do not need a powerful army to fight the war on poverty but big smiles and smarts. His optimism sweeps through the film like a searchlight, scattering the dark sky.
The drama is a tale of Chris Gardner (Will Smith) - the smart salesman invests his entire life savings in expensive bone-density scanners, bringing him troubles with his wife Linda (Thandie Newton), who leaves him and his son to move to New York. Without money or his wife‚Äôs support, but committed to his son, Chris catches a chance to fight for a stockbroker internship position at...
...ÔĽŅ¬∑The Course Paper for InterculturalCommunication
Confucianism versus Ancient Greek Philosophy: Pragmatism and Love of Wisdom
The purpose of this paper is to trace the source of the various values in contemporary society of China and the West, and highlight the influences of philosophy on people‚Äôs thoughts and ideas. People from China and those from West World have entirely different values. One of these is the dissimilarity of Pragmatism and Philo-Sophia (the Love of Wisdom), which results from the deviations between Philosophy of Ancient China, the Confucianism, and Ancient Greek Philosophy. It contributes to the diverse attitudes and behaviors of Chinese and Westerners today.
Keywords: pragmatism; Philo-Sophia; values; Confucianism; Greek philosophy
1.1 China: Confucianism
Confucianism is a traditional ethical and philosophical system in China, originated from the teachings of the famous ideologist, educationist and philosopher Confucius (K‚Äôung-fu-tzu, 551-479 BC). During the Spring and Autumn Period, Confucianism was regarded as a theory of education or teaching; it then developed metaphysical and cosmological in the Han Dynasty, in other words, it grew into ‚Äúthe philosophy of harmonious social relations, moral standard and ethical behavior in public...
...culture‚ÄĚ. Until I have read the first chapter of the book InterculturalCommunication: Globalization and Social Justice by Kathryn Sorrell, I began to think more deeply about this concept, about my cultural identity and positionality. My view about culture became broaden when I learned about the definition of culture which is a site of shared meaning, of contested meaning, and a resource. To me, interculturalcommunication is a process of exploring one‚Äôs culture among different groups. Because through interaction with others from different culture, we can see the differences between our own cultural values, norms, rituals, practices, language and others‚Äô. These values, norms, rituals, practices act as national characters of a country that one comes from. Especially in this era of globalization, people do not settle at one place, they travel to different countries for business and other reasons. They bring their culture with them. I believe that with the study of interculturalcommunication, we can have better understanding about the difference among cultures, learn how to take advantage of the role of culture and make the world a better place to live. (Sorrells 9)
When reading the section ‚Äústudyinginterculturalcommunication‚ÄĚ, I become more aware of my cultural identity, especially my positionality. The definition of cultural identity in the book...
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the importance of intercultural negotiation, and the reasons hereof. Equally so, it is to explain the differences between two closely linked concepts, namely international negotiations and intercultural negotiations. An account of B√ľlow and Kumar‚Äôs (2011) objections about the relevance of national culture is presented, and finally, the concepts of conflicting findings, imprecision in terminology and essentialism are discussed in further depth.
B√ľlow and Kumar (2011) argue that much research on intercultural negotiation fails to generate applicable findings, as researchers tend to be biased in different ways, and apply different, sometimes even, contradicting research methods and terminology. More specifically, the topics of national culture, conflicting findings, imprecision in terminology, and essentialism compose the areas from which the inapplicable findings seem to arise (B√ľlow and Kumar 2011: 349). These topics are discussed to a greater extent in the following section, which is to answer the questions posed in the purpose statement.
For practical reasons an account of the difference between international negotiations and intercultural negotiations is put forth in the first part, as the succeeding questions concern the exact nature of intercultural negotiations and by such, demand an explanation of the term. The answers to why the study of...
...INTERCULTURALCOMMUNICATIONInterculturalcommunication is a study of cultural difference through communication. It¬†is a form of global communication throughout the country all over the world. It is used to describe the wide range of communication problems that naturally appear within an organization made up of individuals from different religious, social, ethnic, and educational backgrounds or other acceptable factors. Interculturalcommunication is sometimes used¬†synonymously¬†with¬†cross-cultural communication which in instance also brings up the same meaning and discussing the same issues. In this sense it seeks to understand how people from different countries and¬†cultures¬†act towards each other‚Äôs,¬†communicate¬†and¬†perceive¬†the world around them.
Many people in interculturalcommunication such like in business management argue that culture determines how individuals encode and preserve messages, what mediums they choose for transmitting and broadcast them, and the way messages are interpreted and understood. It all depends on the characteristics and the component on the culture itself. It is also affected by the communication skill from the group of people and how they interact with each other. Interculturalcommunication occur when in minimum two person with...
In the century of knowledge and technology, the importance of interculturalcommunication is inevitable. Many Scientists and researchers emphasize in the importance of international communication in today's life. Fast travel, internet and international media, made it easy for us to communicate with people all over the world. In the century of globalization, humans as social beings need to interact with each other for survival. Today many problems that the world confronted with have a global nature. The world challenges with problems such as: poverty, international terrorism, immigration, global warming, and destruction of nature which needs the cooperation between nations. International communication is not an option or selective choice but a necessity.
Nowadays, one of the main questions among citizens of nations is, whether the communication between different nations is effective or not. Individuals try to improve their communication skills by dealing with the people of other cultures. Individuals with intercultural competence can be more successful in their career, education and daily life. The importance of this need appears particularly when we travel or migrate to another country for specific purposes such as studying or business. It is necessary to learn the target culture to...
...Topic Area: Education
Title: Does studyingabroad provide better opportunities?
General Purpose: To persuade
Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience that studyingabroad provides better opportunities.
Central Idea/ Thesis Statement: Studyingabroad can provide better opportunities because it can yield academic benefits, provide social and cultural benefits and enhance employment opportunities.
Organizational Pattern: Problem-Solution
I INTRODUCTION (Problem)
A. Attention Getter: Have you ever dreams of studying overseas, mix with other people from the other countries from all over the world? I am sure all of you want to study abroad but don‚Äôt have that opportunity. Well, what makes a difference between students studyingabroad and students studying at local universities? Nowadays, a difference we can see are employment opportunities for student studyingabroad is higher compared to employment opportunities for students from local universities.
B. Tie to the audience/reason to listen: Students like us will graduate a few years more, and during that time we will find that it is not easy to seek for a job. Today‚Äôs job market for graduating students is extremely competitive. You‚Äôre not only competing for jobs with students from your university or your country but you‚Äôre competing with...