Role of SPONCH

Topics: Metabolism, Oxygen, Protein Pages: 2 (585 words) Published: April 21, 2014
Giovanni Contreras
Period 3

Role of SPONCH

The human body is made up of six main elements. The elements are Sulphur, Phosphorus, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Carbon, and Hydrogen (a.k.a. SPONCH). Each of these six elements have an important role in our body. Sulfur is necessary for the formation of collagen, the protein found in connective tissue in our bodies. Sulfur is also present in keratin. Keratin is necessary for the maintenance of the skin, hair, and nails, helping to give strength, shape, and hardness. Sulfur is also found in other important body chemicals like Insulin, Heparin, and Taurine. Insulin helps regulate the metabolism. Heparin is an anti-coagulant, and Taurine helps with digestion. The sulfur-containing amino acids help form other substances. Sulfur is important to cellular respiration, as it is needed for the reactions that help the cells utilize oxygen.

Phosphorus helps with the formation of bones and teeth. Phosphorus is vital to energy production in a variety of ways. It provides the phosphate in ATP. Phosphorus is important to the utilization of carbohydrates and fats for energy production. It is needed in the production of the nucleic acids in DNA and RNA. Oxygen is essential for cellular respiration in all aerobic organisms.The union of oxygen with fats, carbohydrates and proteins in the human body results in slow combustion, which produces heat and energy. Enzymes use oxygen to catalyze many oxidation reactions in the body (metabolism). This oxidation is the source of energy for the body.

Nitrogen is used in the human body to make proteins in DNA, muscles, blood, hair, skin, and nails. Nitrogen in the human body is obtained from the amino acids in protein rich foods. The body recycles the nitrogen from amino acids and uses it to promote growth, tissue repair, and cell replacement. Proteins form the basic skeleton of each cell. The cell membranes, organelles, and protoplasm are all made up of proteins.

Carbon is the main...
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