Mental Health Act 1987: an analysis and challenges in India

Topics: Psychiatry, Mental health, Psychiatric hospital Pages: 17 (5411 words) Published: October 21, 2013
Introduction to the topic:

Introduction to the Concepts
Health

Health is defined as "the state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely an absence of disease or infirmity."

Mental Illness:
In the core term, mental illness is a type of psychological anomaly or disturbance that is mostly reflected in the behavior and not a part of the normal or common development of a person’s culture. This type of mental illness can be related to disability or distress. The mental disorder can be reflected in the combination of a person’s action, feeling, thought, or perception. Mostly it is believed by experts that such disorder affects the certain part of the brain – and also the nervous system – that is often related to social context and behavior. Although the understanding and the recognition to such mental condition have changed and evolved in the course of time and within different cultures, there are still different variations in the classification, assessment, and also the definition of the ailment itself. Reference:

http://www.mentalillnessdefinition.com/mental-illness-definition

Emotional Intelligence:
Intelligence regarding the emotions, especially in the ability to monitor one's own or others' emotions. Reference:
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition copyright ©2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Updated in 2009. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

The Cause of Mental Disorder
The exact causes are still unclear and most studies and researches suggest that the cause can be the combination of various aspects and reasons. It is possible that a person suffer from such condition because of psychological trigger as well as social factors. It is also possible that you suffer from the ailment because of hormonal imbalance and biological anomaly within ones system. Finding out whether someone is mentally ill or not can also be tricky, so the assessment needs to be done carefully and patiently – you can’t really rush things. The assessment will involve questioning, observation, and clinical treatments and checking. It is important to make the patients comfortable and feeling secure, because sometimes discrimination and stigma can really affect their condition – which usually makes the problem gets worse.

The Contributors
The mental illness is also believed to be caused by different contributors or causes. The most common causes are:

Genes
The genes are believed to be one of the main reasons why symptoms of mental illness happen. However, it is still difficult to determine the connection of a specific gene with a specific condition and situation as the conditions are not always the same.

Social factor and influence
Social condition and treatments, such as stress, abuse, bullying, neglect, and other negative aspects can really shape up someone’s personality and behavior including his or her way of thinking and the general perception of the world. For example, when someone has been neglected or abused by his mother or by most female agents, he will naturally develop a way of thinking that all females are cruel.

Neurotransmitter
Sometimes the body can’t function in the maximum capacity and the delivery of signals between one’s organ to the others is disturbed. Such thing can also trigger the mental illness and result in temperament style, personality dynamic, cognitive bias, and emotional influence.

Drugs
It is known that people consuming caffeine, cannabis, alcohol, and other types of drugs experience hallucinations. When their condition gets worse, they can suffer from mental disorder.

The Effects
People who are mentally ill may suffer from several disabilities, such as:

Disabilities to do basic daily activities, such as paying attention to themselves, cooking, grooming, and doing daily accommodations. •Difficulties in doing interpersonal relationships, including forming a relationship, mingle with other people, or engaging...
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