Large Hadron Collider

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  • Topic: Large Hadron Collider, Particle physics, Higgs boson
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Large Hadron Collider
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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"LHC" redirects here. For other uses, see

LHC (disambigLarge Hadron ColliderFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search
"LHC" redirects here. For other uses, see LHC (disambiguation). Coordinates: 46°14′N 06°03′E / 46.233°N 6.050°E / 46.233; 6.050 Beyond the Standard Model
Simulated Large Hadron Collider CMS particle detector data depicting a Higgs boson produced by colliding protons decaying into hadron jets and electrons Standard Model
Evidence[show]
Hierarchy problem
Dark matter
Cosmological constant problem
Strong CP problem
Neutrino oscillation
Theories[show]
Technicolor
Kaluza–Klein theory
Grand Unified Theory
Theory of everything
String theory
Superfluid vacuum theory
Supersymmetry[show]
MSSM
Superstring theory
Supergravity
Quantum gravity[show]
String theory
Loop quantum gravity
Causal dynamical triangulation
Canonical quantum gravity
Superfluid vacuum theory
Experiments[hide]
Gran Sasso · INO · LHC · SNO · Super-K · Tevatron · NOνA v · t · e
Large Hadron Collider
(LHC)
LHC experiments
ATLAS A Toroidal LHC Apparatus
CMS Compact Muon Solenoid
LHCb LHC-beauty
ALICE A Large Ion Collider Experiment
TOTEM Total Cross Section, Elastic Scattering and Diffraction Dissociation LHCf LHC-forward
MoEDAL Monopole and Exotics Detector At the LHC
LHC preaccelerators
p and Pb Linear accelerators for protons (Linac 2) and Lead (Linac 3) (not marked) Proton Synchrotron Booster
PS Proton Synchrotron
SPS Super Proton Synchrotron
Hadron colliders Intersecting Storage Rings CERN, 1971–1984 Super Proton Synchrotron CERN, 1981–1984
ISABELLE BNL, cancelled in 1983
Tevatron Fermilab, 1987–2011
Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider BNL, 2000–present
Superconducting Super Collider Cancelled in 1993
Large Hadron Collider CERN, 2009–present
High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider Proposed, CERN, 2020– Very Large Hadron Collider Theoretical
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the world's largest and highest-energy particle accelerator, and considered "one of the great engineering milestones of mankind".[1] It was built by the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) from 1998 to 2008, with the aim of allowing physicists to test the predictions of different theories of particle physics and high-energy physics, and particularly prove or disprove the existence of the theorized Higgs boson[2] and of the large family of new particles predicted by supersymmetric theories.[3] The LHC is expected to address some of the still unsolved questions of physics, advancing human understanding of physical laws. It contains six detectors each designed for specific kinds of exploration. The LHC was built in collaboration with over 10,000 scientists and engineers from over 100 countries, as well as hundreds of universities and laboratories.[4] It lies in a tunnel 27 kilometres (17 mi) in circumference, as deep as 175 metres (574 ft) beneath the Franco-Swiss border near Geneva, Switzerland. As of 2012, the LHC remains one of the largest and most complex experimental facilities ever built. Its synchrotron is designed to initially collide two opposing particle beams of either protons at up to 7 teraelectronvolts (7 TeV or 1.12 microjoules) per nucleon, or lead nuclei at an energy of 574 TeV (92.0 µJ) per nucleus (2.76 TeV per nucleon-pair),[5][6] with energies to be doubled to around 14 TeV collision energy - more than seven times any predecessor collider - by around 2015. Collision data was also anticipated to be produced at an unprecedented rate of tens of petabytes per year, to be analysed by a grid-based computer network infrastructure connecting 140 computing centers in 35 countries[7][8] (by 2012 the LHC Computing Grid was the world's largest computing grid, comprising over 170 computing facilities in a worldwide network across 36...
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