1.1 Describe the main types of mental ill health according to the psychiatric (DSM/ICD) classification system: mood disorders, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance-related disorders, eating disorders, cognitive disorders?
Mood disorders: Is where a disturbance in person's mood is assumed to be main underlying feature. Personality mood: are conditions in which an individual differs significantly from an average person in terms of how they think, perceive, feel or relate to others. Anxiety disorders: Is a feeling of unease, such a worry or fear that can be mild or severe. Psychotic disorders: are mental illnesses that are characterised by psychotic symptoms, which can generally be described as a loss of contact with reality. Substance related disorders: are disorders of dependence, intoxication, abuse, and substance withdrawal caused by various substances, both legal and illegal. Eating disorders: Any of a range of psychological disorders characterised by abnormal or disturbed eating habits such as anorexia nervous. Cognitive disorders: Are a category of mental health disorders that primary affect learning, memory, perception, and problem solving and include; amnesia and dementia.
1.2 Explain the key strengths and limitations of the psychiatric classification system? Strengths of Psychiatric Classification include that it provides a well-designed standard, and comprehensive diagnostic tool for clinicians and it allows physicians to look at the complete psychological make-up of a person.
1.3 Explain two alternative frameworks for understanding mental distress?
Social: this part is made up with:
Poverty (Where you live and who you live with)
This part of is made up with:
The cognitive functions and behaviours
Disorders of thinking and reasoning i.e. self-control
Perception and Motivation
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