Effects of Assu Strike in Nigeria

Topics: Sociology, Strike action, Education Pages: 7 (2707 words) Published: February 4, 2014
Strike as a social problem can first be traced to the disfunctioning of the society when looking at it from the functionalist perspective. Functionalism which is one of the perspectives of studying the society was developed in the 19th century, it’s a framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability. This approach looks at society through a macro-level orientation, which is a broad focus on the social structures that shape society as a whole, and believes that society has evolved like organisms. This approach looks at both social structure and social functions. Functionalism addresses society as a whole in terms of the function of its constituent elements; namely norms, custom, tradition and institution. A common analogy, popularized by Herbert Spencer presents these parts of society as "organs" that work toward the proper functioning of the "body" as a whole. In the most basic terms, it simply emphasizes "the effort to impute, as rigorously as possible, to each feature, custom, or practice, its effect on the functioning of a supposedly stable, cohesive system". For Talcott Parson "structural-functionalism" came to describe a particular stage in the methodological development of Social Science, rather than a specific school of thought. The structural functionalism approach is a macro sociological analysis, with a broad focus on social structures that shape society as a whole. In summary Functionalism believes every social structure in the society like Educational structure, Economic structure, Political structure, Family structure etc should all work together for the effective growth and promotion of the society and if any one deviate from its function it will affect the whole society as a whole and thereby brings about Social Problem, so the structure of the society or the society as a whole will therefore work together to bring about solidarity in the society which might have negative or positive consequence on the society and the negative consequence result into what is called Social Problem which can be define as anything that affect the normal functioning of the society, each society has what they call their own social problem as what affect one society negatively can be of positive effect to other society, For example smoking marijuana which is a social problem in Arab countries is considered legal in some part of the world like Jamaica and some part of USA so far it doesn’t pass a certain legalized quantity. So what a society tag social problem must be a phenomena that affect them specifically Strike as a social problem, which can also be called called labor strike (French:grève), is a work stoppage caused by the mass refusal of employees to work. A strike usually takes place in response to employee grievances. Strikes became common during the Industrial Revolution due to constant failure of the political structure to maintain stability and avoid alienation and exploitation among the employer and employees and this makes it a social problem to every society due to the importance of mass labor in factories and mines. In most countries, strike actions were quickly made illegal, as factory owners have far more political power than workers. Most western countries partially legalized striking in the late 19th or early 20th centuries.Strikes are sometimes used to pressure governments to change policies. Occasionally, strikes destabilize the rule of a particular political party or ruler; in such cases, strikes are often part of a broader social movement taking the form of a campaign of civil resistance. Therefore it’s disorganization of societal function, norms and policies through forceful pressure on the political structure which brings up different societal negative occurrence makes it a social problem. Strike isn’t the measure the structures (labor) use to organize the disfuctioned society other measure like boycott, riot, dialogue etc can...
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