Dead Sea Scroll

Topics: Dead Sea scrolls, Bible, Old Testament Pages: 5 (1434 words) Published: November 16, 2013


The Relationship between the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Christianity A Review of the Literature

Daozhu Yao
Research Skill
Frank Carney
June 30, 2012

The Relationship between the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Christianity A Review of the Literature
Many Dead Sea Scrolls, are the oldest Hebrew Bible manuscripts. The major works in the Old Testament can be found in the Dead Sea Scrolls (Ulrich, 2004). Large numbers of the Dead Sea Scrolls are parchment , but others are papyrus. The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in the Dead Sea near Qumran in 1947. A young shepherd went into the cave near the Dead Sea to look for his sheep. In order to startle the sheep, he threw stones into the cave that resulted in breaking a jar in the cave and thus he found these ancient scrolls. Scientists excavated 11 caves which contained scrolls, found about 40,000 fragments in the following decade (Mark, 2007). The text has a great significance in religion and history, because they contain the surviving copies of Biblical and extra-biblical documents, and preserve the evidence of the great diversity in Second Temple Judaism. Their finding is known as the twenty-first century's greatest archaeological discovery. The Dead Sea Scrolls had a deep influence on Christianity. This literature review considers the relationship between the Dead Sea Scrolls and Christianity by responding to the following questions: 1. What is the significance of the Dead Sea Scrolls to the origin of Christianity? 2. What is the impact on the Bible?

3. Do the Dead Sea Scrolls threaten Christianity?
Understanding the relationship between the Dead Sea Scrolls and Christianity is important. What is the significant of the Dead Sea Scrolls to the origin of Christianity? The Dead Sea Scrolls are the valuable historical materials for Judaism and Christianity. The Dead Sea Scrolls contain a large number of historical documents. The Dead Sea Scrolls pushed forward a copy of the “Old Testament” for several hundred years, causing the academic attention on the origin of Judaism and Christianity (Brantley, 1995). The west had a debate on whether Christian separated from the Essenes a long time ago. There are some words and opinions in the Dead Sea Scrolls appeared many times in the Bible. So some scholars hold on an opinion that the ruin of Qumran was the early form of Christian church. A leader of Qumran community died for other people in his group. The symbol of the leader’s death was a prototype for Jesus’ death. During that time, Christianity was established. It was natural for them to be deeply influence by Judaism. The abundant literature of the Dead Sea Scrolls help further study on the appearance and development of Christianity. These scrolls proved that the Old Testament produced several hundred years earlier than the time of Jesus’ birth (Mark, 2007). They believed that many accurate prophecies for the future only can come from “god”. It can’t come from the human. However, this opinion caused a difficult to explain the endless debate. In general, the Dead Sea Scrolls are important for people to discover the origin of Christianity. What is the impact on the Bible?

The Dead Sea Scrolls shed light on a very significant moment in biblical text’s history. These scrolls reveal information that scholars couldn’t find in the Bible before (Ulrich, 2004). The community played an important role in the formation of traditional scripture. These scrolls increased the understanding of revelation for the people who wrote and collected the biblical books. Because the Dead Sea Scrolls stopped the biblical criticism over the past two centuries, the Dead Sea scrolls have such a big impact on the Bible. There is a corresponding scroll for each book of the Old Testament, except the book of Esther. The Dead Sea Scrolls was written before Jesus came to the world, not after Jesus came to the world. Making the Christian more happy is the dead sea scrolls contained...
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