Counselor, MSW, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Therapist, Meditation Teacher: Differences

Topics: Mental health professional, Psychiatry, Clinical psychology Pages: 6 (1672 words) Published: March 4, 2012
Differences between Human Service Providers
Vicki Foreman
National Louis University
Prof Practice and Ethics in Human Services
HSC 511
October 23, 2011

Table of Contents
Differences between Human Service Providers:3
LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor or LMHC, Licensed Mental Health Counselor:3
MSW or Master of Social Work:4
Clinical Psychologist:5
Alcohol and Substance Abuse Counselors:5
Marriage and Family Therapist (MFT):6
Mental Health Nurses:6
Life Coaching:7

Differences between Human Service Providers:

There are many different types of Licensed Mental Health Professionals or Human Service Providers. A ‘Counselor’ is a general term that can apply to any person giving guidance on personal, social, or psychological problems. A counselor can also apply to a person that leads a group at a children’s camp. Therefore simply being a counselor does not qualify anyone as a Mental Health Professional. The term counselor is very board, does not require licensure and everyone within the Human Service field is considered a counselor. Licensed Mental Health Professional differs mostly in the education and training they receive. Some of those differences are as follows: LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor or LMHC, Licensed Mental Health Counselor: An LPC license can also be called a Licensed Mental Health Counselor (LMHC) in the state of Illinois according to the National Board for Certified Counselors. This licensing occurs at the state and national level and requires a master’s degree in counseling, 3000 hours of supervised clinical experience and passing a state licensing exam. LPC’s are regulated by federal and state laws that define the title and scope of the practice and stipulate certain client protections. An LPC must adhere to a code of ethics on the state and national level. The state of Illinois requires passing the National Counselor Examination (NCE). Before one can take the NCE they must meet the National Board for Certified Counselors requirements which are: * Master’s degree in counseling or with a major study in counseling from a regionally accredited institution. * 3,000 hours of counseling experience and 100 hours of supervision both over a two year post-master’s time period. * Post-master’s experience and supervision requirements are waived for graduate students who have completed CACREP accredited tracks. * Passing score on NCE (State Licensure Information, 2011) Licensed Professional Counselors provide a full range of services to individuals, couples, families, adolescents and children. They practice in a variety of settings including independent practices, hospitals, social service agencies, substance abuse treatment centers, and many others. They assess and diagnose mental illness, provide psychotherapy, perform treatment planning, provide substance abuse counseling and crisis management. (Burger, 2011, p. 259)

MSW or Master of Social Work:
To be a Licensed Professional Social Worker also requires a graduate degree from an institution approved by the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE). This degree requires two years of graduate study in combination with two years or 900 hours of internship or field experience and passing an exam. A MSW focuses on helping individuals live as fully and successfully within the society. They help individuals, families and groups cope with personal problems and try to help shape society to be more sensitive and responsive to human needs. Social workers use three basic methods in the helping process: casework, group work and community organization work. Social workers function in a variety of settings which include: mental health clinics, hospitals, nursing homes, rehabilitation centers, health care agencies, public and private schools, social service agencies, correctional institutions, senior citizen centers, and colleges and...
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